Ayurveda does not compete with modern medicine, they cooperate in searching therapies for incurable diseases.
- There is the phrase in English when blind men “watch” the elephant. All of them tells what they could feel about it. Different image is depicted by those who touched its back or the tail. The image of Ayurveda is quite the same: many people think it is a religion, science, spritiual system, meditation or vegetarianism. Numerous misbelieves are associated with Ayurveda in which everything is described from conception to death – started professor Madhaw Singh Baghel his presentation entitled “Ayurveda – the evidence based therapeutic system”. One of the most famous ayurvedic doctor from India arrived into Debrecen four months ago to present this complex science and to establish the fundaments of an Ayurveda Institute at the University of Debrecen.
Ayurveda science is taught in around 260 educational institutes in India. The training is five and half years long and then the chosen specialisation is taught for another three years. Professor Baghel studied the more than five thousand years old system for twelve years. The system means the science of life in literal translation. The two most important pillars of Ayurveda are preserving physical and mental health and life energy and healing itself, the chasing of diseases. The holy trinity of Ayurveda is the health and balance of body, soul and mind.
Professor Baghel presented the basic terms of Ayurveda including the so called doshas – Vata (energy of motion), Pitta (digestion, metabolism, brain operation, mind) and Kapha (anabolic components of the physical body) – disturbed harmony of which causes diseases. He also spoke about individual constitution, i.e. prakriti, the extremely refined diagnostic system, the types of ayurvedic therapy and miracle plants that are used for healing in India such as amla (Indian gooseberry), pippali (long pepper), tulsi (Indian holy basil) or turmeric, the most characteristic spice of Indian food. Its beneficial effects are used as explanation for the small number of patients suffering from Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases.
The doctor also mentioned that yoga and meditation are part of Ayurveda. As initiated by Narendra Modi, the prime minister of India the UN designated 21st June the world-day of yoga with the support of 177 countries. An interesting Indian research was also mentioned: the research aims to create a computer program within five years that may signals with the help of an implanted chip if the balance of the three doshas of man is disturbed. The program is planned to be suitable for indicating genetic inclination for diseases making prevention and thus cure possible and reducing the number of medical interventions.
Professor Baghel depicted with an expressive example that Ayurveda is not against medication of the Western World as if modern medical science is the sword and Ayurveda is the shield in a fight then the war can be won using both of them.
Answering questions after the presentation the experts also said that the education of the science will be introduced in four steps in the Ayurveda Institute. Doctors will be trained first who will become teachers of the complex system. Then professionals will be trained who can help the work of doctors. Later courses will be organized for non-professionals with knowledge useful in everyday life and advices improving the quality of life. Finally PhD students as future researchers will be involved in education.